I have already announced in the Deutsch-Franzosische Jahrbucher the critique of jurisprudence and political science in the form of a critique of the Hegelian philosophy of law. While preparing it for publication, the intermingling of criticism directed only against speculation with criticism of the various subjects themselves proved utterly unsuitable, hampering the development of the argument and rendering comprehension difficult. Moreover, the wealth and diversity of the subjects to be treated could have been compressed into one work only in a purely aphoristic style; whilst an aphoristic presentation of this kind, for its part, would have given the impression of arbitrary systematism. I shall therefore publish the critique of law, ethics, politics, etc., in a series of distinct, independent pamphlets, and afterwards try in a special work to present them again as a connected whole showing the interrelationship of the separate parts, and lastly attempt a critique of the speculative elaboration of that material. For this reason it will be found that the interconnection between political economy and the state, law, ethics, civil life, etc., is touched upon in the present work only to the extent to which political economy itself expressly touches upon these subjects.

It is hardly necessary to assure the reader conversant with political economy that my results have been attained by means of a wholly empirical analysis based on a conscientious critical study of political economy.

<Whereas the uninformed reviewer who tries to hide his complete ignorance and intellectual poverty by hurling the 'utopian phrase' at the positive critic's head, or again such phrases as "quite pure, quite resolute, quite critical criticism", the "not merely legal but social--utterly social-- society", the "compact, massy mass", the "outspoken spokesmen of the massy mass", this reviewer has yet to furnish the first proof that besides his theological family affairs he has anything to contribute to a discussion of worldly matters.>

It goes without saying that besides the French and English socialists I have also used German socialist works. The only original German works of substance

in this science, however--other than Weitling's writings--are the essays by Hess published in Einundzwanzig Bogen and Umrisse zu emer Kritik der Ekonomie by Engels in the Deutsch-Franzsische Jahrbilcher, where also the basic elements of this work [Economic and Philosophic Manuscripts of 1844] have been indicated by me in a very general way.

<Besides being indebted to these authors who have given critical attention to political economy, positive criticism as a whole--and therefore also German positive criticism of political economy--owes its true foundation to the discoveries of Feuerbach, against whose Philosophie der Zukunft and Thesen zur Reform der Philosophie in the Anekdota, despite the tacit use that is made of them, the petty envy of some and the veritable wrath of others seem to have instigated a regular conspiracy of silence.>

It is only with Feuerbach that positive, humanistic and naturalistic criticism begins. The less noise they make, the more certain, profound, extensive, and enduring is the effect of Feuerbach's writings; the only writings since Hegel's Phanomenologie and Logik to contain a real theoretical revolution.

In contrast to the critical theologians of our day, I have deemed the concluding chapter of this work--a critical discussion of Hegelian dialectic and philosophy as a whole--to be absolutely necessary,

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